# Difference between revisions of "Elementary symmetric sum"

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− | Any symmetric sum can be written as a [[polynomial]] of the elementary symmetric sum functions. For example, <math>x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = (x+y+z)(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - xy - yz - xz) + 3xyz = S_1^3 - 3S_1S_2 + 3S_3</math>. This is often used to solve systems of equations involving [[power sum]]s, combined with Vieta's formulas. | + | Any [[symmetric sum]] can be written as a [[polynomial]] of the elementary symmetric sum functions. For example, <math>x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = (x+y+z)(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - xy - yz - xz) + 3xyz = S_1^3 - 3S_1S_2 + 3S_3</math>. This is often used to solve systems of equations involving [[power sum]]s, combined with Vieta's formulas. |

Elementary symmetric sums show up in [[Vieta's formulas]]. In a monic polynomial, the coefficient of the <math>x^1</math> term is <math>e_1</math>, and the coefficient of the <math>x^k</math> term is <math>e_k</math>, where the symmetric sums are taken over the roots of the polynomial. | Elementary symmetric sums show up in [[Vieta's formulas]]. In a monic polynomial, the coefficient of the <math>x^1</math> term is <math>e_1</math>, and the coefficient of the <math>x^k</math> term is <math>e_k</math>, where the symmetric sums are taken over the roots of the polynomial. |

## Revision as of 16:22, 21 January 2016

An **elementary symmetric sum** is a type of summation.

## Contents

## Definition

The -th **elementary symmetric sum** of a set of numbers is the sum of all products of of those numbers (). For example, if , and our set of numbers is , then:

1st Symmetric Sum =

2nd Symmetric Sum =

3rd Symmetric Sum =

4th Symmetric Sum =

## Notation

The first elementary symmetric sum of is often written . The th can be written

## Uses

Any symmetric sum can be written as a polynomial of the elementary symmetric sum functions. For example, . This is often used to solve systems of equations involving power sums, combined with Vieta's formulas.

Elementary symmetric sums show up in Vieta's formulas. In a monic polynomial, the coefficient of the term is , and the coefficient of the term is , where the symmetric sums are taken over the roots of the polynomial.